Rivers in Himachal Pradesh
Rivers of Himachal Pradesh is an important topic of HP GK in HPPSC exams or any exam under Govt Jobs in Himachal Pradesh. You can read the information about Rivers in Himachal Pradesh, Place of origin, Tributaries, etc. There are five major rivers Beas, Chinab, Sutlej, Ravi, Yammuna flowing through Himachal Pradesh. which provides water to Indus and Ganga river Systems.
Table of Contents
Beas River in Himachal Pradesh
This river originates from the Himalayas, in the central region of Himachal Pradesh and flows at a stretch of 470 kilometers and meets the Satluj River in Punjab. The drainage basin of Beas River is 20,303 square kilometers large.
Beas river in Himachal Pradesh is believed to have mythological significance and is even home to a tiny isolated population of the indus dolphin. It is said that Ved Vyasa created this river from the Vyas Kund. Rising 4,361 meters above the sea level on the southern face of Rohtang Pass in Kullu. The river travels through Mandi District and arrives at Kangra District.
On May 17, 2018, countless number of fishes and other aquatic animals were found dead in Beas river due to the release of molasses from a sugar mill situated on its shore at Kiri Afgana village in Gurdaspur district. Locals have noted that the river color has changed to rust-brown and dead fishes were floating in the river. Punjab Pollution Control Board has ordered the closure of the factory and an inquiry has been initiated. Besides sealing, the sugar mill has been charged a fine of Rs. 25 lakh for this negligence.
- Tributaries – Parbati, Hurla, Sainj, Uhl, Suheti, Luni, Banganga and Chaki
Chinab River in Himachal Pradesh
Traditionally known by the name Chandrabhaga River, Chenab is one of the major rivers of India. Forming in the upper region of the Himalayas, in Lahaul and Spiti, Chinab river flows across districts like Ramban, Doda, Kishtwar, Jammu, and Reasi, reaching the lands of Punjab then flowing to Pakistan. The river is formed by the confluence of two rivers, Chandra and Bhaga, at Tandi, 8 km southwest of Keylong, in the Lahaul and Spiti district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh.
The waters of the Chenab were allocated to Pakistan under the terms of the Indus Waters Treaty.
Chenab Bridge, the world’s highest railway bridge is an Indian railway steel and concrete arch bridge under construction between Bakkal and Kauri in the Reasi district of Jammu and Kashmir in India. The extraordinary challenge lies in a large number of tunnels (totaling 63 km in length) and bridges (7.5 km) to be implemented in highly rugged and mountainous terrain, with the difficult Himalayan geology. Jan 2020: 83% work completed. To be opened in December 2021
Sutlej River in Himachal Pradesh
Amongst the five major rivers of Himachal, Sutlej is the longest, traversing between the intricate channels of Punjab as well as Pakistan. This river is also known by the name Satadree. This is a tributary at the eastern extreme of Indus River. This river is also known by the name Satluj.
The waters of Satluj River in Himachal Pradesh are being looked under the Indus Waters Treaty and get navigated to the irrigation canals of India. The river Sutlej originates from the western end of Lake Rakshastal, Tibet.
The Sutlej was the main medium of transportation for the kings of that time. In the early 18th century, it was used to transport devdar woods for Bilaspur district, Hamirpur district, and other places along the Sutlej’s banks. Of four rivers (Indus, Sutlej, Brahmaputra and Karnali/Ganges) mythically flowing out of holy Lake Manasarovar, the Sutlej is actually connected by channels that are dry most of the time. Earlier the river was also called as Shutudri or Zaradros river
Yammuna River in Himachal Pradesh
It enters Himachal Pradesh at Khadar Majri in Sirmaur district. A tributary of the Ganges, Yamuna river covers the states of Uttar Pradesh and Haryana and travels through Uttarakhand and then Delhi. This is the second largest tributary of the Ganges and the longest one all over India. When flowing through the states of India, the river meets tributaries, namely Tons, Chambal, Sindh, Betwa, and Ken.
Tons River, Yamuna’s largest tributary, which rises in the 6,315-metre-high (20,719 ft) Bandarpoonch mountain, and has a large basin in Himachal Pradesh. It meets Yamuna below Kalsi near Dehradun, Uttarakhand.
The stretch of the river from its origin at Yamunotri to Okhla barrage in Delhi is called “Upper Yamuna”. A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed amongst the five basin states (Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Rajasthan, and Delhi) on 12 May 1994 for sharing of its waters.
In a study, 93 species of fish were found in the river including catfish. Species of non-native Tilapia have become established in the river.They have been implicated in the decline of the Ghariyal (Indian crocodile) population in the river. Large turtles used to be a common sight on the river a few decades ago but they have mostly disappeared.
- Tributaries – Tons, Giri and Bata
Ravi River in Himachal Pradesh
The Ravi River originates in the Himalayas in the Multhan tehsil of Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh, India. The Ravi River, a transboundary river of India and Pakistan, is an integral part of the Indus River Basin and forms the headwaters of the Indus basin. The waters of the Ravi River drain into the Arabian Sea (Indian Ocean) through the Indus River in Pakistan. The river rises in the Bara Bhangal, District Kangra in Himachal Pradesh, India. The river drains a total catchment area of 14,442 square kilometres (5,576 sq mi) in India after flowing for a length of 720 kilometres (450 mi). Flowing westward, it is hemmed by the Pir Panjal and Dhauladhar ranges, forming a triangular zone.
The main Ravi River flows through the base of Dalhousie hill, past the Chamba town. It is at an elevation of 856 metres (2,807 ft) (where a long wooden bridge existed to cross the Ravi River).It flows into the south-west, near Dalhousie, and then cuts a gorge in the Dhauladhar Range, before entering the Punjab plain near Madhopur and Pathankot. It then flows along the Indo–Pak border for 80 kilometres (50 mi) before entering Pakistan and joining the Chenab River. The total length of the river is about 725 kilometres (450 mi).
Keep Rivers Clean around you
- Do not Litter
- Conserve Water
- Landscape with native plants
- Dispose of Chemical Waste Properly
- Avoid Chemical Gardening Substances
- Turn Your Waste into Compost, instead of leaving the rain to take it away into rivers
General Knowledge Question on Rivers in Himachal Pradesh
If you are preparing for any Govt. job exam of Himachal Pradesh refer the General Knowledge session on Rivers in Himachal Pradesh
- Beas – Arjikiya, Vipasa
- Sutlej – Satudri, Shatadru
- Ravi – Purushani, Irawati
- Chinab – Askini
- Yammuna – Kalindi
- Beas – Banganga, Baner, Uhl Harla, Sainj, Parvati, Luni
- Sutlej – Baspa, Spiti River
- Ravi – Saal, Siul, Bhadal, Tant gari, Chhatrani
- Chinab – Chandra, Bhaga
- Yammuna – Giri, Tons, Pabbar, Andhra
- Sutlej. also known as Satluj