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5. गुरु का आदर सत्कार।
Punjab At A Glance
Punjab, state of India, located in the north-western part of the subcontinent. It is surrounded by the Indian union territories of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh to the north, Himachal Pradesh to the northeast, Haryana to the south and southeast, and Rajasthan to the southwest and by the country of Pakistan to the west. Punjab came into existence on November 1, 1966, when most of its predominantly Hindi speaking areas were separated to form the new state of Haryana. The city of Chandigarh union territory, is the joint capital of Punjab and Haryana.
The state covers an area of 50,362 square kilometres, 1.53% of India’s total geographical area. It is the 20th largest Indian state by area. Punjab is the 16th largest state by population. Punjabi written in the Gurumukhi script, is the most widely spoken and official language of the state.
The word Punjab is a compound of two Persian words, Panj (Five) and ab (Water), thus signifying the land of five rivers (the Beas, Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi, and Sutlej). As applied to the present Indian state of Punjab, however, it is misnomer: since the partition of India in 1947, only two of those rivers, the Sutlej and the Beas, lie within Punjab’s territory, while the Ravi flows only along part of its western border.
Districts & Divisions
Patiala Division: – Patiala, Sangrur, Ludhiana, Fatehgarh Sahib, Barnala
Jalandhar Division: – Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Hoshiarpur, Pathankot, Tarn Taran
Firozpur Division: – Firozpur, Fazilka, Muktsar Sahib, Moga
Faridkot Division: – Faridkot, Mansa, Bathinda
Rup Nagar Division: – Rup Nagar, S.A.S Nagar (Mohali), Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawan Shahr)
History of Punjab
The foundations of the present Punjab were laid by Banda Singh Bahadur, a hermit who became a military leader and, with his fighting band of Sikhs, temporarily liberated the eastern part of the province from Mughal rule in 1709–10. Banda Singh’s defeat and execution in 1716 were followed by a prolonged struggle between the Sikhs on one side and the Mughals and Afghans on the other. By 1764–65 the Sikhs had established their dominance in the area. Ranjit Singh (1780–1839) subsequently built up the Punjab region into a powerful Sikh kingdom and attached to it the adjacent provinces of Multan, Kashmir, and Peshawar (all of which are now fully or partially administered by Pakistan).
The history of Punjab has witnessed the migration and settlement of innumerable races, forming a melting pot of Punjabi civilization. The first traces of human habitation in India were found in the Punjab region. The Indus Valley civilization flourished in antiquity before recorded history until their decline around 1900 BCE. The Punjab has had numerous recorded invasions, starting with the Aryan Vedic tribes. After the fall of the Maurya Empire, the region was splintered into multiple kingdoms and republics. Punjab was subsequently conquered by the Kushan Empire, Gupta Empire, and the Harsha Empire. Circa 1000, the Punjab came under the rule of Muslims and was part of Delhi Sultanate, Mughal Empire and Durrani Empire. Sikhism was founded in the 1500s and 1600s by the Sikh Gurus in the Punjab and resulted in the formation of the Sikh Confederacy after the fall of the Mughal Empire and ensuing conflict with the Durrani Empire. This confederacy was united in to the Sikh Empire in 1801 by Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
The economy of Punjab is the 14th largest state economy in India with 5.18 lakh crore (US$ 73 billion) in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of 153,000 (US$ 2100), slightly above the National average. Punjab ranked first in GDP per capita amongst Indian states in 1981, fourth in 2001, and sixteenth in 2020. Punjab’s economy has been primarily agriculture based since the Green Revolution due to the presence of abundant water sources and fertile soils. Despite covering only 1.53% of its geographical area, Punjab makes up for about two-thirds of India’s wheat production and one-third of its milk production, being known as India’s breadbasket.
Punjab was divided on the basis of language into the mostly Hindi-speaking state of Haryana and the new, primarily Punjabi-speaking state of Punjab; meanwhile, the northernmost districts were transferred to Himachal Pradesh, and the newly constructed city of Chandigarh and its immediate surroundings became a separate union territory. Though not a part of either state, the city of Chandigarh was retained as the joint administrative headquarters, or capital, of both Haryana and Punjab.
Although Sikhs had won the use of Punjabi within the state, by the 1980s militant factions of the Shiromani Akali Dal (Supreme Akali Party) and the All India Sikh Students’ Federation were demanding the establishment of an autonomous Sikh homeland, or Khalistan (“Land of the Pure,” a term introduced as early as 1946 by Tara Singh). In order to attain their goal, those groups began to use terrorism, including the indiscriminate killing of Punjabi Hindus and even those Sikhs who opposed the creation of Khalistan.
In June 1984, in an effort to dislodge Sikh militants fortified in the Harmandir Sahib, or Golden Temple (the Sikhs’ holiest shrine), the Indian army carried out an attack. The Sikh leader Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and most of his armed followers were killed, as were at least 100 Indian soldiers. In retaliation, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated at her Delhi home by two of her Sikh bodyguards, which in turn led to violence against Sikhs in Delhi and elsewhere.
A climate of violence and disorder persisted in Punjab through the 1980s, but by the early 1990s the state had returned to relative stability. The general peace there continued into the early 21st century, helped by the naming of Manmohan Singh, a Sikh, as the prime minister of India in 2004.
- Principal Languages: Gurumukhi, Punjabi, Hindi
- Population [2011-Census]: 27,743,338 persons
- Geographical Area : 50,362 Km2
- District: 22
- Tehsils: 87
Captain Amarinder Singh is the current (26th) chief minister of Punjab. He also served as chief minister of Punjab from 2002-2007. He is an elected Member of the Legislative Assembly from Patiala, as well as the president of Punjab Pradesh Congress Committee, the state division of the Indian National Congress. He won a seat in Lok Sabha for the first time in 1980.
Besides politics, Amrinder Singh worked for the Indian Army from 1963 to 1966. He was born to Maharaja Yadavindra Singh and Maharani Mohinder Kaur on 01 Jan’ 1970 of Patiala who belonged to the Phulkian dynasty of SidhuBrar descent. He did his schooling from the Welham Boy’s School and Lawrence School Sanawar, The Doon school, Dehradun. His wife, Preneet Kaur, was an MP and Minister of state in the Ministry of External Affairs from 2009 to 2014. They have one son and one daughter.
He joined the Indian Army in 1963 after graduating from the National Defence Academy and Indian Military Academy before resigning in early 1965. As hostilities broke out with Pakistan, he again re-joined the Indian Army and served as Captain in the 1965 Indo-Pakistan war. He served in the Sikh Regiment.
Captain Amrinder Singh is also a profound writer and has penned some numbers of books. He has written books on war and Sikh history which include A Ridge Too Far, Lest We Forget, The Last Sunset: Rise and Fall of Lahore Durbar and the Sikhs in Britain: 150 years of Photographs. His most recent works include Honour and Fidelity: India’s Military Contribution to the Great War 1914 to 1918 released in Chandigarh on 06 December 2014, and The Monsoon War. He has a special interest in sports like Polo, Riding, Cricket, Squash and Badminton.
Capt. Amarinder Singh
We Solve Job Problems
Punjab Government recruits numbers of candidates for various Government sectors like Railways, Banking, Universities, Colleges, Schools, Defence, Police, Punjab SSC, Agriculture, Forest Department, Revenue Department, Election Commission, Electricity Department, Hospitals, Post Office and many more. Any Candidate having a Certificate (08th,10th, 12th, Diploma/Degree) from Government recognized University or Schools are eligible for Govt Job and Can fill the application without any doubt. Job Application can be filled Online / Offline. Click here to know the latest Govt Jobs in Punjab.
The candidate who recently passed 12th and looking for the college/ Institute in Bihar for their further study can refer our website to know the names of College/Institutes in Bihar mentioned below.
Check out State govt. Job Section!
Symbols of Punjab
Temples in Punjab
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks of Punjab
Educational Departments of Punjab
It is very important to chose best institution to built a great career. This is our first step towards our future, so chose best career with Punjab’s best college and Universities. There are best college and university for any track we chose. Best Teaching environment. List of Institution is listed below.
Universities and Higher Education
Engineering Colleges & Institutes
Tourist Destination in Punjab
Latest Govt Job Announcements
PSTCL Recruitment 2020 – Apply Online for 350 Asst Lineman Posts Punjab State Transmission Corporation Limited (PSTCL) has announced notification for the recruitment of Assistant
BFUHS Recruitment 2020 | Baba Farid University of Health Sciences (BFUHS) Recruitment 2020 | 2984 vacancies | Apply Link is Available from 10th August
Read more: Punjab State Power Corporation Limited (PSPCL) Recruitment 2019 – Apply Online for 1798 LDC & JE & Other Posts