Jammu and Kashmir

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ठहर गयी है वक़्त की चाल, चार चिनार की छाँव में,  रुक जाते हैं लम्हें खुशहाल, डल झील के फैलाव में, नज़र लग गई इंसानी ख्वाहिशों की, जन्नत के इस गाँव में।

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J & K Map

Jammu and Kashmir At A Glance

Districts and divisions

  • Jammu division – Kathua, Jammu, Samba, Udhampur, Reasi, Rajouri, Poonch, Doda, Ramban, Kishtwar district
  • Kashmir division – Anantnag, Kulgam, Pulwama, Shopian, Budgam, Srinagar, Ganderbal, Bandipora, Baramulla, Kupwara district

Jammu & Kashmir union territory of India (until October 31, 2019, a state), located in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent in the vicinity of the Karakoram and westernmost Himalayan mountain ranges. The territory is part of the larger region of Kashmir, which has been the subject of dispute between India, Pakistan, and China since the partition of the subcontinent in 1947. Legislation passed in August 2019 set the stage for downgrading Jammu and Kashmir from statehood to union territory status and splitting off a part of it, known as the Ladakh region, into a separate union territory. The change went into effect on October 31 of that year, though several court cases affecting its status remained pending. The information that follows describes the former state of Jammu and Kashmir, including the Ladakh region.

Jammu and Kashmir, formerly one of the largest princely states of India, is bounded to the northeast by the Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang (China), to the east by the Tibet Autonomous Region (China) and the Chinese-administered portions of Kashmir, to the south by the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab, to the southwest by Pakistan, and to the northwest by the Pakistani-administered portion of Kashmir. The administrative capitals are Srinagar in summer and Jammu in winter. Area 39,146 square miles (101,387 square km). Pop. (2011) 12,541,302.

History of Jammu and Kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir was the only state in India which had special autonomy under Article 370 of the Constitution of India, according to which no law enacted by the Parliament of India, except for those in the field of defence, communication, and foreign policy, would be extendable in Jammu and Kashmir unless it was ratified by the state legislature of Jammu and Kashmir.

The state was able to define the permanent residents of the state who alone had the privilege to vote in state elections, the right to seek government jobs, and the ability to own land or property in the state.

After the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947–1948, the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir was divided between India (which controlled the regions of Jammu, Kashmir Valley, and Ladakh) and Pakistan (which controlled Gilgit–Baltistan and Azad Kashmir). The Indian-administered territories elected a constituent assembly in 1951, which ratified the accession of the state to India in 1954.

In 1956–57, China constructed a road through the disputed Aksai Chin area of Ladakh. India’s belated discovery of this road culminated in the Sino-Indian War of 1962. China has since administered Aksai Chin. Following the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, India and Pakistan signed the Simla Agreement, recognizing a Line of Control in Kashmir, and committing to a peaceful resolution of the dispute through bilateral negotiations.

The vast majority of the state’s territory is mountainous, and the physiography is divided into seven zones that are closely associated with the structural components of the western Himalayas. From southwest to northeast those zones consist of the plains, the foothills, the Pir Panjal Range, the Vale of Kashmir, the Great Himalayas zone, the upper Indus River valley, and the Karakoram Range.

The climate varies from alpine in the northeast to subtropical in the southwest. In the alpine area, average annual precipitation is about 3 inches (75 mm), but in the subtropical zone (around Jammu) rainfall amounts to about 45 inches (1,150 mm) per year. The entire region is prone to violent seismic activity, and light to moderate tremors are common. A strong earthquake centred in neighbouring Pakistani-administered Kashmir killed hundreds in Jammu and Kashmir state in 2005.

In August 2019, both houses of the Parliament of India passed resolutions to amend Article 370 and extend the Constitution of India in its entirety to the state, which was implemented as a constitutional order by the President of India. At the same time, the parliament also passed the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019, which contained provisions that dissolved the state of Jammu and Kashmir and established two new union territories: the eponymous union territory of Jammu and Kashmir, and that of Ladakh.

The reorganization act was assented to by the President of India and came into effect on 31 October 2019. Prior to these measures, the union government locked down the Kashmir Valley, increased security forces, imposed Section 144 that prevented assembly, and placed political leaders such as former Jammu and Kashmir chief ministers Omar Abdullah and Mehbooba Mufti under house arrest. Internet and phone services were also blocked.

Jammu and Kashmir has many lakes, rivers, and glaciers. Significant rivers of Jammu & Kashmir that flow through Jammu & Kashmir from the Himalayas are Jhelum, Chenab, Sutlej, Ravi, and Indus. These river basins are located at a higher elevation facilitating huge hydropower potential. Major lakes include Manasbal Lake, Dal Lake, Wular Lake, Nageen Lake, Pangong, Tso Moriri, Tso Kar, Spanggur Tso. There are around 1230 water bodies in Jammu & Kashmir.

  • Capital: Jammu (Winter), Kashmir (Summer)

  • Principal Languages: Kashmiri, Dogri & Urdu

  • Population [2011-Census]: 12,541,302 persons

  • Geographical Area [2011]: 222,236 km

  • District: 20

  • Tehsils: 217

We Solve Job Problems

Government recruits numbers of candidates for various Government sectors like Railways, Banking, Universities, Colleges, Schools, Defence, Police, JKSSB, Agriculture, Forest Department, Revenue Department, Election Commission, Electricity Department, Hospitals, Post Office and many more. Any Candidate having a Certificate (08th,10th, 12th, Diploma/Degree) from Government recognized University or Schools are eligible for Govt Job and Can fill the application without any doubt. Job Application can be filled Online / Offline. Click here to know the latest Govt Jobs in Jammu & Kashmir. 

The candidate who recently passed 12th and looking for the college/ Institute in Jammu & Kashmir for their further study can refer our website to know the names of  College/Institutes in Jammu & Kashmir mentioned below.

Check out our State govt. Job Section!

Symbols of Jammu and Kashmir


J&K Animal


Black Necked Crane


J&K Flower



Temples in Jammu and Kashmir

Dams in J&K

  • Baglihar Dam - Ramban
  • Dul Hasti Hydroelectric Plant - Jammu
  • Pakal Dul Dam - Kishtwar
  • Ratle Hydroelectric Plant - Kishtwar
  • Salal Dam - Jammu & Kashmir
  • Uri Dam - Jammu & Kashmir

Zoo in J&K

  • Manda Zoo Park - Jammu & Kashmir

Wildlife Sanctuaries in J&K

  • Dachigam
  • Gulmarg Biosphere Reserve
  • Jasrota Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Kishtwar High Altitude National Park
  • Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Overa Wildlife Sanctuary: Kashmir
  • Ram Nagar Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Surinsar Mansar Wildlife Sanctuary
  • The Hemis Altitude National Park

Education Departments of Jammu and Kashmir

It is very important to choose the best institution to build a great career. This is our first step towards our future, so chose the best career with J&K’s best college and Universities. There are the best colleges and universities for any track we chose. The list of institutions is listed below. 

Tourist Destination in Jammu and Kashmir

Latest Govt Job Announcements

JKRLM Recruitment 2021

JKRLM Recruitment 2021 Jammu and Kashmir Rural Livelihoods Mission (JKRLM) has announced a notification for the recruitment of SPM, DGM, Project Manager & Other vacancies

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JKSSB Recruitment 2021

JKSSB Recruitment 2021 J&K Services Selection Board (JKSSB) has given an employment notification for the recruitment of Librarian, Junior Assistant, Junior Stenographer, Binder, Surveyor, Photographer &

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