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Bihar At A Glance
Bihar is a state of eastern India.It is bounded by Nepal in the north and West Bengal to the northeast and Uttar Pradesh to the west. It is the third-largest state by populations and twelfth-largest by territory. The Bihar plain is split by the river Ganges, which flows from west to east. Three main cultural regions converge in the state: Magadh, Mithila and Bhojpur. In November 2000 the new state of Jharkhand was created from Bihar’s southern provinces and now forms the state’s southern and southeastern borders. Patna is the capital of Bihar. Bihar is also the world’s third-most populous sub national entity.
Only 11.3% of the population of Bihar lives in urban areas, which is the lowest in India after Himachal Pradesh. Additionally, almost 58% of Biharis are below the age of 25, giving Bihar the highest proportions of young people of any Indian state. The derivation of the name Bihar from the Sanskrit vihara (Buddhist monastery) reflects the prominence of such communities in the region in ancient times. Bihar occupied and important position in the early history of India. For centuries it was the principal seat of imperial powers and the main focus of Indian culture and civilization. Area 36,357 square miles (94,163 square km). Population (2011) 103,804,637.
Districts & Divisions
Bhagalpur Division – Banka, Bhagalpur
Darbhanga Division – Begusarai, Darbhanga, Madhubani, Samastipur
Kosi Division – Madhepura, Saharsa, Supaul
Magadh – Arwal, Aurangabad, Gaya, Jehanabad, Nawada
Munger – Jamui, Khagaria, Munger, Lakhisarai, Sheikhpura
Patna – Bhojpur, Buxar, Kaimur, Patna, Rohtas, Nalanda
Purnia – Araria, Katihar, Kishanganj, Purnia
Saran – Gopalganj, Saran, Siwan
Tirhut – East Champaran, Muzaffarpur, Sheohar, Sitamarhi, Vaishali, West Champaran
History of Bihar
History of Bihar –
Bihar occupied an important position in the early history of India. For centuries it was the principal seat of imperial powers and the main focus of Indian culture and civilization. Bihar consists of three distinct regions; each has its own distinct history and culture. They are Magadh, Mithila and Bhojpur. On the northern bank of Ganga river, in Saran district, has an archaeological record from the Neolithic age. Regions of Bihar – such as Magadha, Mithila and Anga – are mentioned in religious texts and epics of ancient India. Mithila is believed to be the centre of Indian power in the Later Vedic Period. Mithila first gained prominence after the establishment of the Videha kingdom. The kings of the Videha kingdom where called Janakas. A daughter of one of the Janaks of Mithila, Sita is mentioned as consort of Lord Rama in the Hindu epic Ramayana, written by Valmiki
Magadha, another region of Bihar was the centre of Indian power, learning and culture for about a thousand years. One of India’s greatest empires, the Maurya empire, as well as two major pacifist religions, Buddhism and Jainism, arose from the region that is now Bihar. Magadha empires, most notably the Maurya and Gupta empires, unified large parts of the Indian subcontinent under their rule. Their capital Pataliputra, adjacent to modern-day Patna, was an important political, military and economic centre of Indian civilisation during the ancient and classical periods of Indian history. Many ancient Indian texts, aside from religious epics, were written in ancient Bihar.
The present-day region of Bihar overlaps with several pre-Mauryan kingdoms and republics, including Magadha, Anga and the Vajji confederation of Mithila. The latter was one of the world’s earliest known republics and had existed in the region since before the birth of Mahavira (c. 599 BCE). The classical Gupta dynasty of Bihar presided over a period of cultural flourishing and learning, known today as the Golden Age of India.
- Capital: Patna
- Principal Languages: Hindi, Urdu & Bhojpuri.
- Population [2011-Census]: 103,804,637 persons
- Geographical Area : 99,200 Km2
- District: 38
- Tehsils: 101
Nitish Kumar is an Indian politician born in 1 Mar’ 1951. He is the present and 22nd chief minister of Bihar. Since 2015 and has served in that role on five previous occasions. He has also served as a minister in the Union Government of India.
Nitish Kumar is a member of the Janata Dal political party. He endeared himself to Biharis, used to low expectations from previous regimes. He has won accolades as chief minister for his efforts in developing and implementing several activities, including construction of bridges that were long due, re-laying roads, ensuring participation of doctors in primary health centers, controlling crime rate, and many more. He has successfully appointed more than one lakh school teachers during his tenures as chief minister of Bihar.
Nitish Kumar hails from a Kurmi family. His father, shri Ram Lakhan Singh, worked in ayurvedic medicine and was a well-known figure in the area. His mother was Smt. Parmeshwari Devi. His ancestral home is in a village called Kalyanbigha, which adjacent to Bakhtiyarpur. He did his schooling in Bakhtiyarpur from Ganesh high school, completing matriculation. He was quite sharp and intelligent as a student. On 22nd February 1973 he married Smt. Manju Sinha, who is by profession a teacher. His wife died in the year 2007 when she was 53 years old. They have a son Nishant, a graduate from BIT Mesra.
Mr. Nitish Kumar
We Solve Job Problems
Bihar Government recruits numbers of candidates for various Government sectors like Railways, Banking, Universities, Colleges, Schools, Defence, Police, Bihar SSC, Agriculture, Forest Department, Revenue Department, Election Commission, Electricity Department, Hospitals, Post Office and many more. Any Candidate having a Certificate (08th,10th, 12th, Diploma/Degree) from Government recognized University or Schools are eligible for Govt Job and Can fill the application without any doubt. Job Application can be filled Online / Offline. Click here to know the latest Govt Jobs in Bihar.
The candidate who recently passed 12th and looking for the college/ Institute in Bihar for their further study can refer our website to know the names of College/Institutes in Bihar mentioned below.
Check out State govt. Job Section!
Symbols of Bihar
Temples in Bihar
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks of Bihar
Educational Departments of Bihar
It is very important to chose best institution to built a great career. This is our first step towards our future, so chose best career with Bihar’s best college and Universities. There are best college and university for any track we chose. Best Teaching environment. List of Institution is listed below.
Universities and Higher Education
Engineering Colleges & Institutes
Tourist Destination in Bihar
Latest Govt Job Announcements
Northeast Frontier Railway Recruitment 2020 | Northeast Railway Recruitment 2020 | 4499 vacancies | Apply Link is Available from 16th August
BPSC Recruitment 2020 – Principal & Lecturer Jobs | Bihar Public Service Commission (BPSC) | 144 vacancies | Apply Link Available from 07th August